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  • 郝建平,王峰,宋强,等.山西省野葛种质资源分布与植物学性状研究[J].植物遗传资源学报,2016,17(1):39-44.    [点击复制]
  • Hao Jian-ping,王峰,宋强,et al.Study on distribution and botany characteristics of Pueraria lobata (Willd) Ohwi in Shanxi[J].植物遗传资源学报,2016,17(1):39-44.   [点击复制]
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山西省野葛种质资源分布与植物学性状研究
郝建平, 王峰, 宋强, 张静, 魏文恺
0
(山西大学)
摘要:
摘 要: 目的 了解山西省野葛种质资源的分布状况、群落组成以及植物学特性,为晋产野葛资源的挖掘、保护和可持续利用提供参考依据。方法 对山西省境内12个主要产地野葛的生长环境及植物学性状进行了调查。结果 山西野葛主要分布于晋南的运城市、晋东南的晋城市以及晋北的大同市。从水平分布看,山西野葛主要分布于N34?7' 04.77''~N39?1'05.23'',E110?0'17.80''~E114?3'18.24'';垂直分布介于730~1 240 m之间,以海拔730~950 m最为常见。山西野葛生长的区域年均降水量介于400~800 mm之间,年均温度为6.8~14 ℃。山西野葛的群落组成较为单一,大部分伴随其生长的是较矮的灌木丛,少部分伴随有杨树、刺槐树等。根据生态环境的不同,可将山西野葛大致分为疏林灌木型、河道草地型和砂质土壤型3种类型。结论 山西省野葛种质资源丰富,分布范围广泛。气候、海拔、降水量等生态环境的不同是导致山西野葛分布不均的主要因素。本项研究结果补充、完善了山西野葛种质资源的资料。
关键词:  野葛  种质资源  分布  植物学特征  药用植物
DOI:
投稿时间:2015-02-05修订日期:2015-03-28
基金项目:
Study on distribution and botany characteristics of Pueraria lobata (Willd) Ohwi in Shanxi
Hao Jian-ping, 王峰, 宋强, 张静, 魏文恺
(Shanxi University)
Abstract:
Abstract: Objective To understand the distributioncommunity composition and the botany characteristics of Pueraria lobata(Willd)Ohwi germplasm resources in Shanxi Province provides some references for the protection and sustainable utilization of resources. Methods The environment and botany properties of Pueraria lobata(Willd)Ohwi ,which were produced from the main 12 different sources in Shanxi Province wre investigated. Results They are mainly distributed in Yuncheng city ,Jincheng city and Datong city of Shanxi Province.From the point of horizontal distribution, the range is between N34?7'04.77''~N39?1'05.23'', E110?0'17.80''~E114?3'18.24''; The vertical distribution between 730 ~ 1 240 m, with an elevation of 730 ~ 950 m is the most common. The annual rainfall of the growth area are between 400 ~ 800 mm, average annual temperature 6.8 ~ 14 ℃. The community composition is relatively single, most growth with shorter brush, only a small number with poplar, acacia trees. Depending on the ecological environment, the plant were roughly divided into three kinds of types such as savanna shrub grassland type, channel type and sandy soil type. Conclusion The germplasm resources with a wide range distribution is very abundant in Shanxi province. The differentence of ecological environment such as climate, altitude, rainfall is the most important factor to cause uneven distribution of Pueraria lobata(Willd)Ohwi in Shanxi province. The result complement and perfect the germplasm resources information .
Key words:  Pueraria lobata(Willd)Ohwi  germplasm resources  distribution  botany characteristics  medicinal plants

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