Distribution of Germplasm Resource of Wild Scutellaria baicalensis from Shanxi

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    In this study, through the investigation of the 9 city 27 County which in Shanxi Province wild Scutellaria baicalensis growth environment and the climate conditions, found that Scutellaria baicalensis in Shanxi Province have a wide distribution.Scutellaria baicalensis from Shanxi mainly distributed in N34?6'19.78'-N40?4'17.71',E110?0'17.80'-E114?3'13.41'; the altitude between 705 - 1675 m, the most common mainly in 1000 - 1500 m. The average annual rainfall of the growth regional is between 400 to 800 mm, with an average annual temperature of 6.8 to 14 ℃. Community composition is single, most with their growth is low bushes and weeds, Chenopodium album, Rosa xanthina, Herba Taraxaci and some wild pea beans plant; small part with the advantage of the local plants. Among them, the Datong is mainly Stellera chamaejasme, Dracocephalum rupestre Hance; Changzhi mainly have Bupleurum chinese, Herba Taraxaci. Scutellaria baicalensis from Shanxi mainly distributed in the mountainside, some located in the top of the hill, Hill bottom position distribution is extremely rare.Scutellaria baicalensis from Shanxi distributed in semi sunny slope, a small part distributate in sunny slope, shady slope like a little distribution. The ecological environment just like the climate, elevation, rainfall and sunlight and human factors is the main factors which cause the uneven distribution of Scutellaria baicalensis in Shanxi. The results of this study have added the data and information of the Scutellaria baicalensis germplasm resources, and provide the basis for Cultivate good characters, provenance clear cultivars.

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  • Received:February 25,2016
  • Revised:June 30,2016
  • Adopted:July 01,2016
  • Online: January 17,2017
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