The Achievements of Conservation and Utilization for Wild Important Flower Resources in China
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1Institute of Vegetables and Flowers,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081;2 College of Forestry of Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450046

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National Key Research and Development Project (2019YFD1001001,2019YFD1001000,2019YFD1000401-4), National Natural Science Foundation(31401905),Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund (Y2019YJ11, IVF-BRF2020018),Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, China(20130422)

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    Abstract:

    China has the vast territory which contributes to the complexness of climate and landform, thus is rich of wild plant resources and regarded as the origin center of many important flowers such as Chrysanthemum ssp and Rosa ssp. How to effectively protect and utilize these germplasm resources has been concerned by policy makers, scientific research institutions and breeding companies. This paper mainly summarized the outstanding achievements in the investigation, protection, research and breeding of the important flower crops, such as rose, Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat., orchid, peony, lily, etc., and discussed the current problems, possible suggestions and solutions of wild flowers resources. (1) The investigation, collection and conservation of wild flower resources had been carried out since 1980s. During the past decade, the investigation and protection of important flowers have been deepened rapidly, exemplified by the increase in research funds and in number of projects and the progress on conservation in vitro. (2) With the development of modern molecular biology, a series of flower crops have been sequenced and the regulatory networks of important ornamental traits have been revealed successfully. Research on genomics and functional gene play an important role in the accurate evaluation of wild flower resources; the utilization of wild flower resources has accelerated the breeding process of new varieties and promoted the development of special value of flowers. (3) There are still some problems on the conversation and utilization of wild flower resources, such as not many resource investigation systematically, lack of long-term sustainable support and in-depth basic research, inaccurate resource evaluation, etc. We suggest to establish a complete resource protection system and a stable support of flower resource innovation team to realize the real combination of scientific research and industry.

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History
  • Received:September 28,2020
  • Revised:September 28,2020
  • Adopted:October 09,2020
  • Online: November 05,2020
  • Published:
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