世界主要葡萄种质资源数据库的功能与使用
作者:
作者单位:

1.西北农林科技大学葡萄酒学院;2.山东省酿酒葡萄与葡萄酒技术创新中心

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基金项目:

山东省重点研发计划(重大科技创新工程)(2022CXGC010605);国家葡萄产业技术体系(CARS-29-zp-6)


Function and Use of the World Major Grape Germplasm Resources Database
Author:
Affiliation:

1.College of Enology,Northwest A&F University, Shaanxi Yangling;2.Shandong Technology Innovation Center of Wine Grape and Wine

Fund Project:

Key Research and Development Program of Shandong Province (Major Scientific and Technological Innovation Project) (2022CXGC010605),China Agriculture Research System of MOF and MARA (CARS-29-zp-6)

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    摘要:

    葡萄是世界上栽培范围最广的果树之一,种质资源丰富。种质资源圃长期进行种质资源的收集与保存工作,积累野生种、地方品种、育成品种、育种材料、珍稀资源和近缘植物等资源,但传统的种质资源信息常以纸质形式呈现,并不便于信息管理,随着互联网技术的发展,线上种质数据库在信息共享、性状评价、种质保护与利用等方面逐渐展现出了明显优势。在国内外的种质资源数据库中,有各种类型的葡萄相关数据库。数据库不仅向决策部门、品种审定机构等提供数据信息,也为种质资源和生物技术研究人员、种质库管理以及种子、饲料、酿酒等企业服务。本文主要选取了覆盖范围较广的欧洲葡萄数据库(The European Vitis Database)、国际粮食和农业植物遗传资源数据库(Genesys PGR)、美国农业部种质资源信息网(GRIN,Germplasm Resources Information Network)、中国作物种质资源信息系统四个数据库进行功能介绍与信息统计,对数据库收录的原产地、属种、果色、用途、香气、植物学特性等进行数据分析,以期促进种质创新技术研发,提高种质资源的共享效率,为在线数据库的高效利用以及我国数据库未来的建设提供参考。

    Abstract:

    Grape is one of the most widely cultivated fruit trees in the world and is rich in germplasm resources. Germplasm resource nurseries have been collecting and preserving germplasm resources for a long time, accumulating resources such as wild species, local varieties, breeding varieties, breeding materials, rare resources and closely related plants, etc. However, the traditional germplasm resources information based hand-writing or printing is un-friendly on information management, acquisition and communication. Taking advantage of the development of internet technology, online germplasm databases becomes easily accessible in information sharing, trait evaluation, germplasm conservation and utilization. There are many grape-related databases worldwide, which not only provide data information to decision-making departments, variety certification institutions, management personnel, scientific research and teaching units, but also serve germplasm resources and biotechnology researchers, seed bank management, seed introduction and investigation personnel, agricultural technology extension personnel, farmers, students, and seed, feed, wine and other enterprises. In this article, we focused on four databases (The European Vitis Database; Genesys PGR, the International Research Institute for Tropical Agriculture; GRIN, the US Department of Agriculture; China Germplasm Resources Information System) to analyze the datasets of origin, species, fruit color, application, aroma and botanical characteristics of Germplasm. We would like to provide insights on promoting innovative germplasm technology research and development, as well as improving the sharing efficiency of germplasm resources, which has implication for the efficient use of online database and the future construction of Chinese database.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2022-08-06
  • 最后修改日期:2022-10-13
  • 录用日期:2022-10-21
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-11-01
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