极早熟超强适应性大豆黑科56号选育及遗传组成
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黑龙江省农业科学院黑河分院

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国家科技攻关计划


Breeding and Genetic Composition of Extremely early maturity and super adaptability soybean Heike 56
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Heihe Institut Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,

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The National Key Technologies R&D Program of China

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    摘要:

    摘要:黑科56号系黑龙江省农业科学院黑河分院以黑河33号为母本、黑河34号为父本,经有性杂交,系谱法选育而成。在适应区出苗至成熟105~110 d,需≥10 ℃活动有效积温2030~2100 ℃。亚有限结荚习性,株高69.6~75 cm,有分枝,白花,尖叶,灰色茸毛,荚镰刀形,成熟时呈褐色。籽粒圆形,种皮黄色,种脐浅黄色,有光泽,百粒重16.5~19 g。5年品质平均结果:蛋白质含量38.80~43.05%,脂肪含量18.18~19.69 %。经过两级审定机构抗病鉴定,灰斑病为2级,抗(R),病毒病为3级,中抗(MR)。适合黑龙江省第五积温带下限及六积温带上限种植。通过系谱分析,黑科56号细胞质基因来源于克山白眉,在育种第3轮到育种12轮共经历了9个传递过程,细胞质遗传物质通过克山白眉→紫花四号→丰收1号→黑河54→黑河4号→黑交7710→黑河9号→黑河18→黑河33→黑科56号完成100%遗传传递。黑科56号细胞核遗传追溯到14份祖先亲本,具有丰富的遗传基础,其核基因来自2份国外优异种质,7份东北地区的骨干地方品种,4份地方育成品系,1份野生大豆。祖先亲本贡献率从高到低依次:北92-28(25%)、十胜长叶(15.36%)、黑交83-1345(7.81%)、尤比列(7.81 %)、黑河51(L)(6.25 %)、蓑衣岭(4.69%)、克山白眉(4.30%)、克山四粒荚(3.91%)、四粒黄(3.71%)、金元(3.71%)、黑河野生豆3-A(3.13%)、黑交75-861(3.13%)、黑龙江41(3.13)、长叶1号(3.13%),广泛的遗传基础为黑科56号的高产稳产、优质、抗逆、超强广适奠定遗传基础。

    Abstract:

    Abstract: Heike 56 line was bred from Heihe 33 as female parent and Heihe 34 as male parent in Heihe Branch of Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences through sexual hybridization and genealogy. In the adaptive ecological zone from seedling emergence to maturity 105 ~ 110 d, the effective accumulated temperature of ≥10 ℃ activity is required to be 2030 ~ 2100 ℃. Sublimited pod habit, plant 69.6 ~ 75 cm tall, branched, white flowers, pointed leaves, gray fuzz, pod sickle shape, brown when mature. Round seeds, yellow seed coat, light yellow seed hilum, shiny, 100-seed weight 16.5 ~ 19 g. Average quality results of 5 years: protein content 38.80 ~ 43.05%, fat content 18.18 ~ 19.69%. After two levels of examination and identification of disease resistance, anti-gray spot disease was grade 2 (R), medium-antiviral disease was grade 3 (MR). It is suitable for the lower limit of fifth temperate zone and the upper limit of sixth temperate zone in Heilongjiang Province. Through pedigree analysis, the cytoplasmic gene of Heike 56 was derived from Keshan Baimei, and it went through 9 transmission processes in 12 rounds of breeding from the 3rd to the 12th. 100% cytoplasmic transmission was completed through Keshan Baimei → Zihua 4→ Harvest 1 → Heihe 54→ Heihe 4→ Heijiao 7710→ Heihe 9 → Heihe 18→ Heihe 33→ Heike 56. Its nuclear heredity can be traced back to 14 ancestral parents, and it has abundant genetic basis. Its nuclear genes come from 2 excellent foreign germplasm, 5 backbone local varieties from northeast China, 4 locally bred lines, and 1 wild soybean. From high to low parental contribution rate: Bei 92-28 (25%), Ten Sheng Changye (15.36%), Heijiao 83-1345 (7.81%), Yubilei (7.81%), Heihe 51 (L) (6.25) %), Aiyiling (4.69%), Keshan Baimei (4.30%), Keshan Silijia (3.91%), Silihuang (3.71%), Jinyuan (3.71%), Heihe Glycine Soja 3-A (3.13%), Hejiao 75-861 (3.13%), Heilongjiang 41 (3.13), Changye 1 (3.13%), The extensive genetic basis has laid the genetic foundation for the high and stable yield, high quality, strong stress resistance and super wide adaptability of Heike 56.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-12-31
  • 最后修改日期:2022-04-20
  • 录用日期:2022-05-06
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