PPR 蛋白在水稻生长发育中的功能研究进展
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江苏徐淮地区连云港农业科学研究所

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连云港市财政专项资金(QNJJ2102);苏北科技专项(LYG-SZ201922)


Progress of Research in Functions of PPR Proteins in Growth and Development of Rice
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Jiangsu Xuhuai Area Lianyungang Institute of Agricultural Sciences

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Financial Grant Support Program of Lianyungang City (QNJJ2102),The Special Project of Science and Technology in Northern Jiangsu Province (LYG-SZ201922)

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    摘要:

    水稻是我国最主要的粮食作物之一。水稻的安全生产越来越依赖分子生物学功能基础研究。PPR(Pentatricopeptide repeat)蛋白是水稻中较大的蛋白家族之一,研究证明 PPR 蛋白由核基因编码并参与细胞器前体 RNA 加工,如 RNA 起始翻 译、RNA 稳定、RNA 剪接、RNA 编辑,调控水稻叶绿体和线粒体等的发育,进而影响水稻的花粉、胚、胚乳、叶片及其他组织的 生长发育。该类蛋白表达受抑制将严重影响水稻正常生长发育。对近年报道的水稻 PPR 蛋白结构、分类、定位、RNA 作用靶 位点、作用方式及其对水稻生长发育的影响进行综述。对已报道水稻 PPR 蛋白功能作出总结并对今后 PPR 蛋白对水稻种质 资源的创新应用等可能的研究方向进行了展望。

    Abstract:

    Rice is one of the most important grain crops in China. The safe production of rice paddy increasingly relies on basic research in molecular biological function. The large number of PPR (Pentatricopeptide repeat) proteins is one of the relatively large protein families in rice. Studies have shown that PPR proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and is involved in the RNA processing of organelle precursor,such as RNA translation initiation,RNA stability,RNA splicing,RNA editing,regulating chloroplast and mitochondria development in rice,and then influence the growth and development of pollen,embryo,endosperm,leaf and other tissues. Inhibition of the expression of PPR proteins would seriously hinder the normal growth and development of rice. A review of rice PPR protein structure,classification,localization,RNA target sites,action mode and its influence on rice growth and development reported in recent years is provided. The functions of PPR proteins that have been reported in rice are summarized,and prospects for possible research directions like the innovation application of PPR proteins on rice germplasm resources in the future are discussed.

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引用本文

李景芳,王宝祥,刘 艳,等. PPR 蛋白在水稻生长发育中的功能研究进展[J].植物遗传资源学报,2022,23(2):358-367.

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  • 收稿日期:2021-06-02
  • 最后修改日期:2021-07-03
  • 录用日期:2021-08-11
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-03-10
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