小麦种质对茎基腐病抗性评价及优异种质筛选
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作者单位:

1.河北农业大学 河北省作物生长调控重点实验室;2.中国农业大学农学院

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金资助项目 31872865;“十三五”国家重点研发计划(2017YFD0300906、2018YFD0300501、2018YFD0300502)


Evaluation of Chinese Wheat Germplasm Resources for Crown Rot Resistance
Author:
Affiliation:

1.Key laboratory for crop growth and regulation of Hebei, Hebei Agricultural University;2.College of Agronomy,China Agricultural University

Fund Project:

Natural Science Foundation of China (31872865);National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0300906、2018YFD0300501、2018YFD0300502)

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    摘要:

    小麦茎基腐病是由镰孢菌侵染引起的一种世界性土传病害,近年来已严重威胁到我国小麦的安全生产。为筛选具有茎基腐病抗性的小麦种质资源,本研究采用孢子悬浮液浸种法,分别以国外抗病材料 Sunco 和我国品种陕 253 为抗病和感病对照,对 670 份我国小麦品种(系)进行了茎基腐病温室苗期抗性鉴定。结果发现,我国供试品种(系)感病材料(病情指数>30)所占比例达到 84%,且包含多个近年来小麦生产中的主推品种,表明我国小麦品种总体抗性水平低是导致茎基 腐病近年来发病频率与程度不断增加的重要原因之一。经多轮筛选,发掘获得 15 份抗病表现稳定、抗性水平与抗病对照Sunco 相仿的材料。15 份材料平均病情指数在 10.9 到 19.4 之间,其株高、抽穗期等农艺性状表现出较为丰富的变异,为我国小麦抗茎基腐病品种选育和抗性遗传研究提供了种质材料。

    Abstract:

    Crown Rot caused by Fusarium species is a worldwide soil-borne disease in several crop species. In recent years, crown rot became a common threat in many wheat-growing regions in China. However, the reports on large-scale screening of crown rot resistant resources remain rare. In this study, 670 Chinese wheat germplasms plus two genotypes Sunco and Shan253, which served as resistant and susceptible control, respectively, were evaluated for crown rot resistance at seedling stage under greenhouse conditions. The results showed that 84% of tested accessions were susceptible, including many widespread varieties that are deploying in farming practice. That implied a potential of the increasing incidence and degree of crown rot in China in future. Fifteen genotypes showed reliable moderate disease resistance as the resistant control Sunco in multiple rounds of selection, with an average disease index ranged from 10.9 to 19.4. Specifically to these 15 genotypes, a variation on plant height and heading time was observed. Thus, this study unlocked the diseased index of Fusarium crown rot in Chinese wheat cultivars, which will provide reference for wheat resistance breeding.

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引用本文

金京京,齐永志,王 丽,等.小麦种质对茎基腐病抗性评价及优异种质筛选[J].植物遗传资源学报,2020,21(2):308-313.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-03
  • 最后修改日期:2020-02-11
  • 录用日期:2019-08-12
  • 在线发布日期: 2020-03-17
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