一个值得深入研究的小麦品种资源—“农林10号”
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An exploitable wheat germplasm——Norin 10
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    摘要:

    改良日本小麦品种农林10号的衍生品种“小罂粟”(农林89号)获得成功,抗旱高 产育种取得重大突破。鲁麦13号率先在非灌溉条件下创造了9 244.5kg/hm2的高产纪录;鲁麦14号 则成为20世纪90年代初期黄淮冬麦区栽培面积最大的品种。该品种不仅高产、多抗、广适。而 且还是很好的农艺亲本被育种家广泛利用,已选育出49个新品种,成为黄淮冬麦区新一轮主栽品种, 创造了巨大的经济效益和社会效益。充分显示出种质资源的创新,在育种和保障国家粮食安全中的 地位与作用。还就品种资源的研究和利用进行讨论。

    Abstract:

    The wheat cultivar Norin 89, also known as “Xiao Yingsu”, was derived from Norin 10 successfully. That was an important breakthrough in wheat breeding for drought-resistance and high-yield. The wheat cultivar Lumai 13 achieved a yield record of 9 244.5kg/hm2 under non-irrigated conditions . The wheat cultivar Lumai 14 had the largest acreage in the Yellow and Huai River Valley Winter Wheat Region (YHRVWWR) in the early years of 1990s. Both Lumai 13 and Lumai 14 are of high yield, multi-resistance, and wide adaptation. They were also elite parents widely used by many wheat breeders. Forty-nine elite wheat cultivars,which have been derived from Lumai 13 or Lumai 14,are now widely grown in the YHRVWWR and produced huge economic and social benefits. Thus it was suggested that the innovation of wheat germplasm is very important for a successful wheat breeding program and for the national food safety .

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方正,刘为更,翟冬峰,等.一个值得深入研究的小麦品种资源—“农林10号”[J].植物遗传资源学报,2013,14(2):352-354.

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-07
  • 最后修改日期:2012-12-07
  • 录用日期:2012-12-17
  • 在线发布日期: 2013-01-29
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