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我国猕猴桃种质资源的保存与研究利用
孙雷明, 方金豹
0
(中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所)
摘要:
猕猴桃是当前由野生到人工商业化栽培最为成功的果树种类之一,在世界果树产业发展中具有重要的地位。中国是猕猴桃的原产地,有着丰富的猕猴桃种质资源,全世界自然分布猕猴桃属54 个种,中国有52 个种,它们在推动我国猕猴桃育种和产业发展中发挥着至关重要作用。本文对我国猕猴桃种质资源的种类、分布、栽培历史、资源调查收集、资源保存情况,以及在品种创制、倍性、抗性、药理学、生物技术研究等方面的研究利用进行了评述,总结了40 多年来中国猕猴桃种质资源研究取得的突破性进展,同时对未来猕猴桃种质资源研究提出了具体建议,以期为我国猕猴桃种质资源的可持续利用和产业发展提供科学借鉴。
关键词:  猕猴桃  种质资源  类型  保存  创新利用
DOI:10.13430/j.cnki.jpgr.20200514002
投稿时间:2020-05-14修订日期:2020-07-03
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(31701778);国家重点研发计划(2019YFD1000200);中国农业科学院科技创新工程(CAAS-ASTIP-2020-ZFRI-04);河南省 现代农业产业技术体系(S2014-11);河南省财政林木种质资源项目
Conservation, Research and Utilization of Kiwifruit Germplasm Resources in China
SUN Lei-ming, FANG Jin-bao
(Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science)
Abstract:
Kiwifruit is one of the most successful examples in fruit domestication from wild to commercial cultivation, and nowadays this fruit plays an important role worldwide in the development of fruit industry. China is the origin site of kiwifruit and represented rich germplasm resources. To date, fifty-four species in genus kiwifruit have been identified in the world, and 52 of them are natively originated and distributed in China. The abundance on Kiwifruit germplasm resources played a crucial role in breeding and following industrial development in China. This paper reviews types of kiwifruit germplasm resource, geographical distribution, cultivation history, as well as survey, collection and conservation of the germplasm. Current research status in breeding, cytological study, resistance resource utilization, pharmacology and biotechnology, as well as breakthroughs of kiwifruit germplasm research over past four decades in China are summarized. We further propose suggestions in future studies of kiwifruit germplasm resources, in order to provide reference for sustainable utilization and supporting industrial development in China.
Key words:  kiwifruit  germplasm resources  type  conserve  innovation and utilization

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