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中国野生稻种质资源调查收集与保护
徐志健1, 王记林2, 郑晓明3, 范芝兰4, 汤翠凤5, 王新华6, 刘文强7, 朱业宝8, 乔卫华3, 杨庆文3
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(1.广西壮族自治区农业科学院水稻研究所;2.江西省农业科学院水稻研究所;3.中国农业科学院作物科学研究所;4.广东省农业科学院水稻研究所;5.云南省农业科学院生物技术与种质资源研究所;6.海南省农业科学院粮食作物研究所;7.湖南省水稻研究所;8.福建省农业科学院水稻研究所)
摘要:
野生稻是水稻基础研究与育种的战略性资源,野生稻的保护与利用直接关系到国家的粮食安全。我国是世界上野 生稻种质资源分布最丰富的国家之一,由于经济的高速发展,野生稻栖息地遭到严重破环,一些重要居群濒临灭绝。自 1996 年开始,农业农村部设立专项对我国野生稻种质资源进行系统调查和收集,并实施了异位保存和原生境保护项目。本文全面 总结了全国野生稻种质资源调查、取样、异位保存与原生境保护的技术、方法和成效,并通过对我国野生稻种质资源现状评 估和未来水稻育种和生物技术研究发展趋势的分析,提出了我国野生稻保护与利用的建议。
关键词:  野生稻  种质资源  调查收集  保护
DOI:10.13430/j.cnki.jpgr.20200420003
投稿时间:2020-04-20修订日期:2020-05-17
基金项目:中国农业科学院创新工程;农业部财政专项(2130136)
Collection and Conservation of Wild Rice Resources in China
XU Zhi-jian1, WANG Ji-lin2, ZHENG Xiao-ming3, FAN Zhi-lan4, TANG Cui-feng5, WANG Xin-hua6, LIU Wen-qiang7, ZHU Ye-bao8, QIAO Wei-hua3, YANG Qing-wen3
(1.Rice Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences;2.Rice Research Institute, Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences;3.Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;4.Rice Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences;5.Biotechnloly and Germplasm Resources Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences;6.Crop Research Institute, Hainan Academy of Agricultural Sciences;7.Rice Research Institute, Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences;8.Rice Research Institute, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences)
Abstract:
Wild rice is a strategic germplasm resource valuable for rice breeding and basic research, and its protection and practical use are important in Chinese food security. China is one of countries where abundant wild rice resources were found. Owing to the economic development over decades, the original habitat of wild rice had been seriously damaged, i.e. some populations were extinct. Since 1996, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs initiated a serial of projects to support the survey, collection and conservation of wild rice germplasm resources in China. The article summarized the techniques, methods and achievements on investigation, collection and conservation of wild rice resources in China, especially with a focus on the implementation of in situ conservation. We proposed, by taking full consideration of the status on rice wild research as well as the prospective on breeding and bio-techniques, suggestions on future conservation and utilization of wild rice germplasm resources.
Key words:  Chinese wild rice  germplasm resources  investigation and collection  conservation

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