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  • 张忠信,王庆东,赵婧伊,等.不同花生品种秸秆与籽仁营养成分综合分析[J].植物遗传资源学报,2020,21(1):215-223.    [点击复制]
  • ZHANG Zhong-xin,WANG Qing-dong,ZHAO Jing-yi,et al.Nutritional Components Comprehensive Analysis of Stalk and Kernels in Different Peanut Varieties[J].植物遗传资源学报,2020,21(1):215-223.   [点击复制]
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不同花生品种秸秆与籽仁营养成分综合分析
张忠信1, 王庆东2, 赵婧伊2, 董文召1, 韩锁义1, 高伟1, 刘华1, 徐静1, 杜培1
0
(1 河南省农业科学院经济作物研究所,郑州 450002;2 郑州大学生命科学学院,郑州 450001)
摘要:
花生是一种经济效益高的大田作物,为综合利用花生秸秆和籽仁的营养价值提高经济效益等,本研究以 26 个花生 品种为材料,通过分析秸秆中的粗蛋白、粗脂肪、粗纤维、粗灰分、钙、磷、中性洗涤纤维和酸性洗涤纤维等指标,利用 SPSS 软 件通过主成分分析法进行营养价值评价;同时,用近红外分析仪测定了其籽仁的脂肪、蛋白质、油酸、亚油酸等营养指标,采 用 Topsis 法对其进行综合分析排序。结果表明:不同花生品种秸秆营养成分存在显著差异,商花 26 号、冀 545、冀 5059、远杂 9102、豫花 90 号综合营养价值较高;多数品种间籽仁的蛋白质含量和脂肪含量差异不显著,而油酸含量和亚油酸含量则存在 显著差异,其中豫花 102 号蛋白质含量最高,冀 5059 脂肪含量最高,冀农 G99 油酸含量最高、亚油酸含量最低;若兼顾秸秆和 籽仁的营养成分含量,综合价值由高及低的 10 个品种依次为冀农 G99、开农 310、商花 26 号、豫花 93 号、远杂 9102、冀 545、 濮花 56、濮花 52 号、豫花 89 号、郑农花 19 号,它们可作为仁秆两用型花生品种的首选。
关键词:  花生  秸秆  籽仁  营养
DOI:10.13430/j.cnki.jpgr.20191029004
投稿时间:2019-10-29修订日期:2019-11-22
基金项目:河南省农业科学院自主创新专项基金(2019ZC12);河南省现代农业产业技术体系项目(S2012-5)
Nutritional Components Comprehensive Analysis of Stalk and Kernels in Different Peanut Varieties
ZHANG Zhong-xin1,WANG Qing-dong2 ,ZHAO Jing-yi2,DONG Wen-zhao1,HAN Suo-yi1, GAO Wei1,LIU Hua1,XU Jing1,DU Pei1
(1 Industrial Crops Research Institute,Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Zhengzhou 450002; 2 School of Life Sciences,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou 450001)
Abstract:
Peanut is a field crop with high economic benefits. In order to comprehensively utilize the nutritive value of peanut stalk and kernels to improve economic benefits,we carried out a study using 26 peanut varieties. We analyzed crude protein,crude fat,crude fiber,crude ash,calcium,phosphorus,neutral detergent fiber,and acid detergent fiber in the stalk. SPSS software was used to evaluate the nutritional value by principal component analysis. On the other hand,the nutritional indexes of fat,protein,oleic acid and linoleic acid were determined by near infrared analyzer while Topsis method was used to comprehensively analyze and rank the analysis results. The results showed that there were significant differences in the nutrient components of stalk among different peanut varieties. Shanghua 26,Ji 545,Ji 5059,Yuanza 9102 and Yuhua 90 have a higher comprehensive nutritional value. There were no significant differences in protein and fat contents among the most of peanut varieties,while there were significant differences in oleic acid and linoleic acid contents.Yuhua102 has the highest protein content,Ji5059 has the highest fat content,Jinong G99 has the highest oleic acid content and lowest linoleic acid content. If the nutrient content of stalk and kernels are taken into account,the comprehensive value of 10 varieties from the highest to the lowest is as the following order:Jinong G99, Kainong 310,Shanghua 26,Yuhua 93,Yuanza 9102,Ji545,Puhua 56,Puhua 52,Yuhua 89 and Zhengnonghua 19. These peanuts can be used as the first choice for the dual-purpose.
Key words:  peanut  stalk  kernel  nutrition

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