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  • 周小静,任小平,黄莉,等.花生种质资源研究进展与展望[J].植物遗传资源学报,2020,21(1):33-39.    [点击复制]
  • ZHOU Xiao-jing,REN Xiao-ping,HUANG Li,et al.Research Progress and Prospect for Peanut Germplasm Resources[J].植物遗传资源学报,2020,21(1):33-39.   [点击复制]
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花生种质资源研究进展与展望
周小静,任小平,黄莉,罗怀勇,陈玉宁,刘念,陈伟刚,廖伯寿,雷永,姜慧芳
0
(中国农业科学院油料作物研究所 / 农业部油料作物生物学与遗传育种重点实验室,武汉 430062)
摘要:
种质资源是花生生物学研究和育种改良的重要基础。本文综述了花生种质资源的研究进展:(1)国内外对花生起 源以及分类方法的研究;(2)我国及其他几个花生资源大国的花生收集保存概况;(3)花生优异种质鉴定评价方面取得的一系 列进展;(4)介绍了我国花生品种的历次更新并预测了未来的发展趋势;(5)简述了我国花生种质创新的主要方法及取得的成 效;(6)国内外关于花生基因组研究的重要成果及应用前景;(7)花生优异基因挖掘的现状。文中指出,对于栽培种花生起源 问题还存在争议,在花生资源收集保存、优异种质鉴定评价、种质创新、优异基因挖掘方面还存在一些问题,并对解决这些问题 今后的研究方向提出建议。期望为未来花生种质资源的利用和育种提供可参考的信息。
关键词:  花生  种质资源  收集保存  鉴定评价  种质创新  基因发掘
DOI:10.13430/j.cnki.jpgr.20191028002
投稿时间:2019-10-28修订日期:2019-11-18
基金项目:农作物种质资源保护项目(2019NWB033);国家农作物种质资源共享服务平台(NICGR2019-014,NICGR2019-36);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-13)
Research Progress and Prospect for Peanut Germplasm Resources
ZHOU Xiao-jing,REN Xiao-ping,HUANG Li,LUO Huai-yong,CHEN Yu-ning,LIU Nian, CHEN Wei-gang,LIAO Bo-shou,LEI Yong,JIANG Hui-fang
(Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops,Ministry of Agriculture,Wuhan 430062)
Abstract:
Germplasm resources are the important basis of peanut biology research and breeding improvement. This paper reviews the research progress of peanut germplasm resources:(1)the research on the origin and classification of peanut at home and abroad;(2)the overview of peanut conservation in China and several other major countries;(3)a series of progress in the identification and evaluation of excellent peanut germplasm;(4)introducing the previous updates of peanut varieties in China and predicting the future development trend;(5)summarizing the main methods and achievements of peanut germplasm innovation in China;(6)introducing the important results of peanut genome research at home and abroad and prospecting their application;(7)the status quo of excellent gene mining in peanut. This paper points out that there are still some disputes about the origin of cultivated peanut,some problems exsit in peanut resource conservation,evaluation; germplasm innovation;gene exploration and some suggestions for solving these problems in the future are proposed. This paper is expected to provide useful information for the utilization of peanut germplasm resources and breeding improvement in the future.
Key words:  peanut  germplasm  conservation  evaluation  germplasm innovation  gene exploration

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