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  • 郑殿升,刘 旭,黎 裕.起源于中国的栽培植物[J].植物遗传资源学报,2012,13(1):1-10.    [点击复制]
  • .Cultivated Plants Originated in China[J].植物遗传资源学报,2012,13(1):1-10.   [点击复制]
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起源于中国的栽培植物
郑殿升, 刘 旭, 黎 裕
0
(中国农业科学院作物科学研究所)
摘要:
中国是农业古国和大国,种植的作物约有840种,其中很多起源于本国。N.I.瓦维洛夫(1935)曾指出起源于中国的作物有136种,卜慕华(1983)认为我国史前或土生的栽培植物为237种,《中国作物遗传资源》(1994)中列出起源于中国的作物为290多种。本文汇集起源于中国的作物为420种,涉及栽培物种553个。这些信息对中国作物种质资源研究和生物多样性保护有重要意义,并且可为国家制定生物多样性保护政策提供支撑。
关键词:  起源  中国  栽培植物
DOI:
基金项目:
Cultivated Plants Originated in China
Abstract:
China is regarded by agronomists and botanists as a very important center of origin of numerous cultivated plants. N.I.Vavilov (1935), Pu Muhua (1983) and Society of Crop Genetic Resources of Chinese Association of Agricultural Science Societies (1994) listed 136, 237 and 290 crops originated in China, respectively. In this paper, 420 crops involving 553 species are found originated in China, which can be classified into eight groups: food crops, economic crops, vegetable crops, fruit crops, forage and manune crops, flower crops, medicinal crops and forest crops.This is very important to study crop germplasms and to protect biology varieties, it’s a support to protect policy of biology varieties for China.
Key words:  Origin  China  Cultivated plant

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