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  • 刘方,王春英,王玉红,高伟,周忠丽,蔡小彦,王星星,王坤波.103份亚洲棉表型多样性分析[J].植物遗传资源学报,2014,15(3):491-497.    [点击复制]
  • Liu Fang,Wang Kunbo.Analyses on Phenotypic Diversity of 103 Asiatic Cottons[J].植物遗传资源学报,2014,15(3):491-497.   [点击复制]
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103份亚洲棉表型多样性分析
刘方,王春英,王玉红,高伟,周忠丽,蔡小彦,王星星,王坤波
0
(中国农业科学院棉花研究所)
摘要:
本试验对103份分别来源于印度、越南、贵州广西和云南等不同地域的亚洲棉进行了表型遗传多样性分析。结果发现亚洲棉在质量性状和数量性状上均存在不同程度的遗传多样性;质量性状遗传多样性指数在主茎、叶、花、铃等不同部位表现不同;21个质量性状的多样性指数为0.04~1.01,平均0.57,3个数量性状的多样性指数为1.65~1.96,平均1.82,表明数量性状的遗传多样性大于质量性状。研究发现不同地域的亚洲棉遗传多样性不同,并将这103份亚洲棉聚类到8个组群。
关键词:  亚洲棉,表型性状,遗传多样性,聚类分析
DOI:
投稿时间:2013-08-29修订日期:2013-10-12
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划);农业部物种保护项目
Analyses on Phenotypic Diversity of 103 Asiatic Cottons
Liu Fang,,,,,,,Wang Kunbo
(The Institute of Cotton Research of CAAS)
Abstract:
Phenotypic diversity of 103 Asiatic cotton (G. arboreum L.) accessions, which collected from India, Vietnam and Guizhou province, Guangxi Province and Yunnan province of China, was analyzed. Different genetic diversity indexes exist between qualitative and quantitative characters owing to the difference of cultivated geographic regions. The diversity indexes of 21 qualitative characters including stem, folium, floral and boll varied from 0.04 to 1.01 with an average of 0.57, as well as the 3 quantitative characters from 1.65 to 1.96 with an average of 1.82. These variations indicate that the genetic diversity of quantitative traits is more abundant than qualitative traits. The 103 Asiatic cotton accessions were clustered into 8 groups.
Key words:  G. arboreum L., Phenotypic characters, Genetic diversity, Cluster analysis

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