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  • 程大伟,姜建福,樊秀彩,张颖,张国海,刘崇怀.中国葡萄属植物野生种多样性分析[J].植物遗传资源学报,2013,14(6):996-1012.    [点击复制]
  • chengdawei,jiangjianfu,fanxiucai,zhangying,liuchonghuai.Diversity Analysis of Chinese Wild Grape Species[J].植物遗传资源学报,2013,14(6):996-1012.   [点击复制]
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中国葡萄属植物野生种多样性分析
程大伟,姜建福,樊秀彩,张颖,张国海,刘崇怀
0
(中国农业科学院郑州果树研究所;河南科技大学林学院)
摘要:
中国是葡萄属植物的主要起源地之一,也是世界葡萄属植物种类最多、遗传资源最丰富的国家之一,起源于中国的葡萄属植物共有40种、1亚种、13变种。本研究根据《葡萄种质资源描述规范和数据标准》,选择多项性状指标作为形态鉴定参数,对起源于中国的葡萄属植物23个种的生物学性状、植物学特征、农艺性状等进行鉴定,分析其遗传多样性特点。结果表明,中国葡萄属植物的主要物候期,嫩梢新梢的绒毛、颜色,叶片的形状、颜色、锯齿,果实大小、颜色、香型和花器官等形态性状都有丰富的变化,表现出丰富的多样性。上述研究结果将为葡萄属植物的分类鉴定提供依据,也将为葡萄属植物演化研究和育种利用提供参考。根据本研究结果,建议对目前使用的《葡萄种质资源描述规范和数据标准》作进一步修订和完善,以适应我国野生葡萄资源多样性评价研究。
关键词:  中国野生葡萄  种质资源  形态多样性  分类鉴定
DOI:
投稿时间:2013-02-03修订日期:2013-03-02
基金项目:现代农业产业技术体系建设专项资金(CARS-30-yz-1);农业部作物种质资源保护项目(NB2012-2130135-34)
Diversity Analysis of Chinese Wild Grape Species
chengdawei,jiangjianfu,fanxiucai,zhangying,,liuchonghuai
()
Abstract:
China is one of the major origin centres of Vitis species, and has lots of grape species and inherited resource in the world. There are 40 species, 1 subspecies and 13 varieties originated from China. According to the “description standard and data standard for grape (Vitis L.)”, taking a number of character index as a identification parameters, the genetic. diversity of 23 Chinese wild grape species were analysised by identifying botany characteristics and agronomic traits.The results showed that Chinese wild grape had rich diversity in main phenophase, young shoot down, young shoot color, blade shape, blade color, teeth, berry size, skin color, berry flavor, floral organs and so on, with abundant genetic diversity. It can provide reference for classification,evolution and breeding of vitis . It is suggested that “description standard and data standard for grape (Vitis L.)” for further revision and improvement, in order to adapt Chinese wild vitis resource diversity evaluation research.
Key words:  Chinese wild grape  Germplasm resourses  Morphological diversity  Classification

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